Diet Type Glossary

“Diet types” allow for a simplified approach to “healthy eating” and can be a good place to start for those do not have the time to take part in personalized nutrition through the use of technology and expert guidance.

Vegan: Veganism is more than a diet; it is a paradigm of philosophy and ethical values. This belief system centers around the idea of not eating meat, fish, animal products, or other living insects. People who eat vegan consumption patterns tend to consume leafy greens, raw vegetables, fruits, legumes, grains, rice, tubers, mushrooms, nuts, and seeds. Other, more lenient vegans can eat processed food as long as it’s from plant-based food ingredients. This type of diet should be approached cautiously because of its importance to calculate the correct amount of quality complete amino acids, fats, and micronutrients. This is considered to be an all plant-based diet.

Vegetarian: Much like their vegan counterparts, vegetarians eat a primarily plant-based diet, filled with a large variety of leafy greens, fruits and vegetables, nuts, tubers, grains, rices, legumes, and seeds. This diet type does have some leeway on animal products such as cheese, fish, butter, and some sustainable insects.

Paleo: Also known as the Caveman diet, Stone-age diet, and or short for The Paleolithic diet. Essentially has been gaining popularity through the influence of our current modern health epidemic related to manufactured and processed foods. When consuming a paleo diet, you are restricted from eating foods such as sugars, pasta, rice, grains, soy, legumes, extracted seed oils, and dairy products. However, you are permitted to consume large amounts of animal proteins, fats, and moderate portions sizes of non-starchy vegetables with small amounts of starchy vegetables.

Ketogenic: The ketogenic diet is known for supporting rapid weight loss. However, there are a few things to consider before choosing this direction. This is a diet type that must be supervised by a licensed practitioner. There are some dangers to this application because it’s not intended for long-term use. Nevertheless, people have had great success when used properly. Keto-friendly foods or diets are high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate. The diet forces the body to burn fats rather than carbohydrates. This reduction in carbs puts your body into a metabolic state called ketosis. When this happens, your body becomes incredibly efficient at burning fat for energy. A ketogenic diet can cause massive reductions in blood sugar, insulin levels and help with weight loss.

Blue Zone: The Blue Zone diet is a concept based on an investigation of several demographic regions, that point out the largest concentration of living male centenarians in the world. In short, highlighting the reasoning for these health outcomes are due to 95-100 percent plant-based consumption patterns. This paradigm does have an allowance for other ingredients but it explicitly suggests a reduction in red meat, poultry, fish, and dairy products. Remove sugar and eggs. Snack on nuts, consume half a cup of legumes daily, may consume whole grains such as bread, and pasta. Last, drink adequate amounts of water throughout the day.

Flexitarian: A flexitarian diet is considered to be one whose normally meatless diet occasionally includes meat or fish.

Whole 30: Whole 30 diets allow for red meats, poultry, seafood, eggs, moderate to high amounts of vegetables, fruits, nuts, seeds, and herbs. Excludes grains, legumes, dairy, seed oils, and no sugars.

Mediterranean: The Mediterranean Diet is based on the traditional cuisine of countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea. These include Albania, Algeria, Bosnia, Croatia, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, and Turkey. The diet typically consists of the region’s traditional fruits, vegetables, beans, nuts, seafood, olive oil, and dairy – with perhaps a glass or two of red wine. The Mediterranean Diet is about more than just eating delicious, wholesome food though. Regular physical activity and sharing meals with family and friends are vital elements of The Mediterranean Diet. Together, they can have a profound impact on your mood and mental health and help you cultivate a deep appreciation for the pleasures of healthy eating and delicious foods.

FODMAP: This is an elimination diet of certain food ingredients, which stands for Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides, and Polyols. These molecules are short chain carbohydrates that are poorly absorbed in the small intestine and can absorb water and ferment in the colon, causing inflammation for individuals with gastrointestinal problems such as SIBO and IBS.

SIBO: SIBO, which stands for Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth, follows the same ideas as the low FODMAP diet. This is also an ingredient elimination diet to help prevent the overgrowth of intestinal bacteria. When bacteria in your digestive system grow at an accelerated rate, it creates excess gas and bloating in your intestine. Not only can this interfere with your body’s ability to properly digest food and absorb nutrients, but it can also lead to health complications such as neurological and muscular diseases due to vitamin deficiencies, obstruction of the small intestine, and diverticula

Candida: Candida is a intestinal fungal infection caused by a yeast. This diet is a low-sugar, anti-inflammatory diet that promotes good gut health and eliminates the sugars that feed a Candida overgrowth. The diet includes non-starchy vegetables, low sugar fruits, non-glutinous grains, fermented foods, chicken, fish, turkey, and eggs.

Hardy-Home Style: Is great for people who have no diet restrictions and are open to trying anything your chefs create for you. You can expect to see everything from animal products, plant-based foods, seasonal & holiday favorites.

The Daniel Plan: Is 40 days of disciplined renewal. This diet type has been around for ages and gaining popularity again because of its focus on faith, healthy foods, fitness, and community. Starts with 75 percent mixed vegetables and whole grains, small portions of lean proteins, no dairy and fruits for dessert.

Plant-based: Plant-based diets are great for cyclical cleansing of the body. Also have been known to lower your risk of common disease and illness. People who are on high plant-based diets may take the opportunity to consume predominantly raw foods. Eating raw fruits, leafy greens and vegetables, or uncooked plants help maximize the nutrient delivery to the body and help preserve the chemical structure of the nutrients. However, eating cooked whole grains, legumes, tubers, roots, nuts, seeds, herbs, and sea plants are all part of a plant based diet as well. No meats, or animal products allowed.

Pescatarian: Pescatarian diet patterns are for those who maintain a vegetarian diet but can consume additional seafood, fish, shrimp, lobster, etc.